While participating in the work of the 2000 Committee, multiple officials indicate the lead design engineer tightened the inner and outer diameter specifications for imported tubes.
High-Speed Switches ISG obtained evidence from recovered documents and from debriefings of Iraqi scientists that Iraq utilized high-speed switcheslike those of potential interest for nuclear weapons developmentin support of its rail gun projects.
MIC reportedly envisioned the Sabah Nisan (Seventh of April) Company would make forgings for future operations, but this plan also was interrupted by the war.
Husam Amin also participated, ostensibly due to his rocket engineering expertise, as did Arif Kaddori Atawi Al-Kubaysi, the lead engineer for the 81-mm rocket program.The information obtained was included in and used to update the Summary of Known UN Tagged Equipment presented at Annex.Huwaysh was keenly interested in high-strength, high-specification aluminum tubes for rocket production.Jafar Diya Jafar, the head of Iraqs pre-1991 nuclear weapons program and most recently a Presidential Science Advisor, has offered somewhat conflicting accounts regarding Saddams awareness of the aluminum tubes.Tube Characteristics and Shipping Requirements ISGs investigation into why Iraq sought aluminum tubes with such high specifications before the wara key factor that raised concerns that the Regime had restarted a centrifuge efforthas uncovered plausible but not always consistent accounts that link the tubes.According to one scientist, who started poker facebook freeroll working at Al-Razi in 2002, laser work for military applications such as jamming, range finding, communications and guidance was being conducted at Al-Razi.Prior to the VR, a target list of buildings was compiled, and those facilities (surface and subsurface where it was safe to do so, were visited during the.In 1991, inspectors found that Al-Qaim had been heavily damaged in the war and the structure was unsafe.
Without sound supporting humint, missions surveying hazardous locations would be speculative and difficult to justify.
Although portions of this site remained active, ISG has not uncovered any evidence that this site has been used for any fissile material processing since 1991.
The iaea inspectors, upon returning to Iraq in late 2002, performed a detailed inspection of the Ash Shaykhili storage site and made several more inspections of the site in early 2003.
Al-Zawra State Company The Zaafaraniyah Power Supply Production Facility (also known in 1991 as Al-Dijjla and renamed Zawra Electronics Plant in 1992) was designed to produce electronic components for the Iraqi uranium enrichment program using the emis method.
Huwaysh some sample flow-formed tubes in late September or October 2002, noting that the production process was costly and time consuming.
Former MIC Minister Huwaysh recalled that in 2001, Al-Janabi and.
Another Iraqi scientist noted that, even though Said had been removed from the iaec after reaching the compulsory retirement age in mid-2002, he continued to run the rail gun project and eventually Saddam reinstated him at the iaec.ISG found no evidence to suggest concerted efforts to restart the program.Another source indicates these aluminum tubes reportedly were flow-formed to a diameter of about.5 mm then machined to their final dimensions.This letter reportedly generated research and development efforts at the High Voltage Establishmentan outgrowth of the electromagnetic isotope separation (emis) portion of the pre-1991 nuclear weapons program at Tarmiya.A group of PC-3 materials scientists set up and staffed a laboratory at the University of Baghdad with equipment from Group 2FE.Consequently, a new list of mission-relevant keywords was produced and procedures introduced to locate precisely any media identified as sensitive.Iraq resisted a more comprehensive disclosure of its nuclear program until after the defection of Husayn Kamil in August 1995, when a large collec tion of centrifuge and nuclear program documents and equipment was given to unscom and iaea.ISG analysis suggests that this was motivated by a desire to restart gas centrifuge research and production at a time when sanctions were lifted.After some discussion it was decided to approach most via ISG in order to gain access to the room as the team had no wish to force entry to an operational facility or indeed to damage one of the few undamaged buildings at Tuwaitha.Specific details concerning Saddams continued intent to develop weapons of mass destruction can be found in the section of this report concerning Regime Strategic Intent.ISG has not been able to identify any neutron generator activities by this organization related to a nuclear weapons program.As a result,.